|FISHERIES AND SEA POTENTIALS|
Sergai Regency is newly developed from the main Regency, Deli Serdang, with an area covering 1999,2 Km2. Sergai Regency is bordered by Malaka strait on the north, Simalungun Regency on the south, Deli Serdang on the west, and Asahan and Simalungun Regency on the east. The population of Serdang Bedagai is about 583.000. The population density is about 308 Km per square. Some parts of this region consist of forest, the river, and the marshes. Sergai is about 0-500 Km above the sea level. There are some rivers which can be made the places for catching and conserving the fish. The technique used for the conservation is keramba system. Beside the river banks which are potential for developing the fishery, Sergai Regency is situated face to face with Malaka strait which is the access to catch the fish in Exclusive Economics Zone and (EEZ) offshore. With about 95 Km coast line, it has another potential to develop the fishery around the coastal area.
|PLAITING CRAFT IS READY FOR GLOBAL MARKET COMPETITION|
Sergai Region is rich of marshes felled with purun grass and pandan, the raw material for plaiting. Sergai is known as a plaiting center in North Sumatra. According to Department of Industry, Trade, and Cooperatives of Serdang Bedagai Regency, there are about thirty groups of plaiting craft men spread over the whole Regency. They are generally found on the shore where the raw material, purun, and pandan, is abundant. Drs. Saparwin Siregar, the head of industry sub Department, Department of Industry, Trade and Cooperatives of Serdang Bedagai Regency, said that there were some villages which became the craft industry center such as the village of Ara Payung, Lubuk Saban, Cinta Air, and Kota Pari. Recently, Department of Industry, Trade and Cooperatives of Sergai Regency has given one unit of press machine to the group in Pantai Cermin. The aid is expected to help the craft men to develop their business.
|THE HISTORY OF SERDANG BEDAGAI|
The name “Serdang Bedagai” was derived from two Sultanates which have ever governed in the Region; they were Serdang and Padang Bedagai Sultanates. Serdang Sultanate began when there was a coup d’etat of Deli Sultanate after Tuanku Panglima Paderap (the establisher of Deli Sultanate) had died in 1723. Tuanku Gandar Wahid, the second child of Tuanku Panglima Paderap took over the throne, ignoring his siblings Tuanku Jalaludin and Tuanku Umar. Tuanku Jalaludin could not do much because of being physically handicapped, while Tuanku Umar was forced to refuge to Serdang Region. Realizing this, some Regional authorities like Datuk Sunggal Serbanyaman, Raja Urung Sinembah, Raja Ulung Tanjung Morawa and Kejuruan Lumu as Aceh’s representative appointed Tuanku Umar Johan Pahlawan Alam Shah Kejuruan Junjungan the first Sultan of Serdang in 1728. The Sultanate territory was centered in Kampung Besar where his mother, Tuanku Ampunan Sampali lived. Tuanku Umar or Raja Osman finally died when Siak Kingdom’s troops wanted to conquest the Malay Kingdom’s on Northern Sumatra Shore in 1782. Tuanku Umar’s grave is still in the middle of Sampali Plantation.
The residents of Deli Serdang Regency have been wishing for the development of the Regency since 1992. It had been a consideration for the Government of Deli Serdang Regency at that time. The base of considering the development is the area’s largeness and the great number of population for a Regency level. The review of the area development resulted in the policy of the Regional Legislative Assembly of Deli Serdang Regency No. 02/DPRD/1992, 27th February 1992 concerning the agreement to the Development of Deli Serdang Regency area. It decided to develop Deli Serdang Regency into two areas, Deli Regency and Serdang Regency. The development planning had stopped once and started again at the reformation time in 1998. Law no. 22 year 1999 concerning Government in the Region and Government’s Law (PP) No. 129 year 2000 concerning the Requirement of Establishment and criteria of Development, Elimination and Integration of Regions, gives a wider space for the people’s wish for a development.